دانلود فایل مقاله The investigation of ionic association in the CdF2 solution with the mixed solvent (water +ethanol +propanol) at 25°C

    —         —    

ارتباط با ما     —     لیست پایان‌نامه‌ها

... دانلود ...

بخشی از متن دانلود فایل مقاله The investigation of ionic association in the CdF2 solution with the mixed solvent (water +ethanol +propanol) at 25°C :


سال انتشار : 2012

تعداد صفحات :8

Using the mixed solvents, (water +ethanol + propanol), the solubility of CdF2 was determined byevaporating method at 25° C. The results showed that the sollbility, s, of CdF2 decreases bydecreasing the dielectric constant of the mixed solvent .Once the solubility of CdF2 was determined,the concentration solubility product, Ksp(c)=4s3, was calculated .Furthermore ,by estimating the meanactivity coefficient, f± , of CdF2 in the solution upon the extended Debye-Hückel theory, the modelsolubility Product constant of the salt, Ksp(m)=4s3 f±3 was calculated .On the other hand we concludedthe equilibrium constant of ion pair formation , KIP, on the basis of Fuoss contact ion pair model andwe obtained the value of ion pair concentration in the mixed solvents, (water 85% +ethanol l5% +propanol 10%). The value of thermodynamic solubility product constant, Ksp(th), of CdF2 in the mixedsolvent was evaluated at zero ionic strength upon the extrapolation method and the value of ion pairconcentration was calculated in the considered solution and compared by fuoss model.

لینک کمکی